Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl.)

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Washington State University Cooperative Extension, Oregon State University Extension Service, University of Idaho Cooperative Extension System, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture , [Olympia, Wash.], [Corvallis, Or.], [Moscow, Idaho], [Washington, D.C.]
Spartina -- Northwest, Pacific., Spartina -- Con
Other titlesSpartina patens (Ait.) Muhl.
Statement[by Cindy Roché].
SeriesPNW -- 416., Weeds, PNW (Series) -- 416., Weeds (Pacific Northwest Cooperative Extension)
ContributionsWashington State University. Cooperative Extension., Oregon State University. Extension Service., University of Idaho. Cooperative Extension System., United States. Dept. of Agriculture.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 sheet (2 p.) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16048876M

Spartina patens, the saltmeadow cordgrass, also known as salt hay, is a species of cordgrass native to the Atlantic coast of the Americas, from Newfoundland south along the eastern United States Saltmeadow cordgrass book the Caribbean and northeast has been reclassified as Sporobolus pumilus after a taxonomic revision inbut Spartina patens is still in common : Poaceae.

Conservation Status: Saltmeadow cordgrass is listed as an invasive species on the west coast including Washington, Oregon, and California. Interesting Facts: Like some other plants adapted to live in a saline environment, cordgrass has specialized cells in the roots that. State of Oregon: Home Page: State of Oregon.

Saltmeadow cordgrass has drooping, wiry, dark green leaves that grow 6 to 12 inches in length. The leaves are shiny on top and rough on the bottom.

Spikes of tiny, overlapping florets bloom in June to October. The rhizomes are long and slender. Saltmeadow cordgrass grows 1 to 4 feet tall. Saltmeadow cordgrass is used for shoreline protection and tidal marsh restorations, and is often utilized for levee stabilization and dune stabilization plantings near coastal beaches and on barrier islands.

Saltmeadow cordgrass is an effective stabilizer used on interior mud File Size: 87KB. Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens) Grant Heilman/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Cordgrasses are erect, tough, long-leaved plants that range from to 3 metres (1 to 10 feet) in height.

Most species grow in clumps, with short flower spikes alternating along and. ‘Avalon’ saltmeadow cordgrass is a cultivar released by the Cape May Plant Materials Center, Cape May NJ, in Description.

Saltmeadow cordgrass is a rhizomatous, perennial, warm-season grass that grows to 2½ ft ( m) tall.

Description Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl.) PDF

It forms dense vegetative colonies that occur between the high tide Saltmeadow cordgrass book and higher marsh elevations. Saltmeadow cordgrass is found exclusively in brackish marshes in Louisiana and is by far the most frequent and abundant grass, probably constituting over 50 percent of the total marsh vegetation.

Although it dominates brackish marshes, it is very rare in saline marshes. Salt content of the soil water where it grows ranges from to percent. Salt Meadow Cordgrass; Salt Meadow Cordgrass. Also known as salt hay grass, this sun-loving perennial grass grows from feet tall and because of its interesting foliage with silvery undersides would make a handsome addition to your coastal prairie garden.

It adapts well to a wide range of soils from course sand to clay sediments as long as. A fourth grass, saltmeadow cordgrass, is not a true dune grass, but often traps sand to initiate dune growth.

Saltmeadow cordgrass grows well in low, moist areas such as sand flats and high salt marshes. It is more salt- and flood-tolerant than the dune grasses. Planting a combination of several of these species can enhance the beach-dune.

saltmeadow cordgrass. Quarantine Washington. salt meadow cordgrass. Class A noxious weed salt meadow cordgrass. Wetland and aquatic weed quarantine U.S.

Weed Information; Spartina patens. salt meadow cordgrass. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted plant may be known by one or more common. Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl.) (Weeds) [Cindy Talbott RocheÌ ] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : Cindy Talbott RocheÌ.

Here also are realistic portrayals of the snowy egret, brown-banded wentletrap, purple marsh crab, and mosquitofish as well as naturalistic renderings of saltmeadow cordgrass found in high-tide areas, rockweed, and other forms of vegetation.

Captions identify animal and plant s: 7. Subordinate species are saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens) and saltmarsh cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) which appear as a fringe at the water's edge. (Dorchester County, Maryland; June Classification of wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States.

Saltmeadow cordgrass is the least tolerant of salt and is replaced by the other two in strongly saline areas.

Details Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl.) FB2

In New England salt marshes, the most predictable plant zonation occurs at the mean high water line, separating the low and high marsh habitats.

Saltmeadow cordgrass dominates the seaward border of the high marsh habitats. Other species observed at the periphery are Fimbristylis castanea, seaside pennywort, saltmeadow cordgrass. and silver-leaf croton. Salt marsh: Cordgrass, rush, and glasswort (Salicornia) community (20).

Spreading along the sound side of the eastern half of the island is a well-developed salt marsh (Pl. IV). The nest is an open cup constructed of grass, usually attached to saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens) or saltmarsh rush (Juncus gerardii) at a height of 6–15 cm (– in).

Clutch size is 3 to 5. Incubation begins after the last egg is laid and takes 11–12 days. Here also are realistic portrayals of the snowy egret, brown-banded wentletrap, purple marsh crab, and mosquitofish as well as naturalistic renderings of saltmeadow cordgrass found in high-tide areas, rockweed, and other forms of vegetation.

Captions identify animal and plant life. Chapter 1 Chapter 1: Introduction Thirty years ago, sand dunes and dune vegetation often were considered nuisances to be flattened before starting coastal development.

Smooth Cordgrass - Spartina alterniflora is the Most Recognizable Tall Grass found in Wetlands. Smooth Cord-grass, also known as oyster grass or saltwater cordgrass, is most recognizable as the tall grass found in wetlands.

It grows in salt marshes and varies in height greatly. Its mature height depends on its proximity to the water. Saltmeadow Cordgrass Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens) should be used only on moist sites, such as sand flats.

The grass has small stems two to two-and-a-half feet tall and rolled leaves less than an eighth of an inch wide. Saltmeadow cordgrass spreads by. Familia: Poaceae Subfamilia: Chloridoideae Tribus: Zoysieae Subtribus: Sporobolinae Genus: Sporobolus Species: Sporobolus pumilus Name [].

Sporobolus pumilus P.M. The Central and Western Pacific strombs S. latissimus (an oceanic reef species) and S.

Download Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl.) EPUB

epidromus (a benthic shelf species) extend onto the shelf margins of the North West Shelf, but are not found in Queensland. Conversely, S. labiatus is an oceanic stromb that extends down the Queensland coast but is not found on the North West Shelf.

The very common EIT shelf reef species S. canarium is. Appearance Spartina patens is a tufted perennial warm season grass, (family Poaceae) that grows from ft.

( m) in height. The rhizomatous roots help to spread this species. patens is native to the southeastern coast of North America and can be seen growing in brackish marshes, low dunes, sand flats, beaches and high salt marshes.

Foliage. As of the United States Census, the population for ZIP Code Tabulation Area was Newport is a very rural community, with colonial, craftsman, and Victorian style homes.

County Route is the main road that runs through Newport. Many coastal roads (mostly dirt) were once used for the transportation of salt hay or Saltmeadow Cordgrass. Please scroll to the bottom for more images. Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. Marshhay cordgrass, Saltmeadow cordgrass. Saltmeadow Cordgrass grows above the high tide mark with other marsh graminoids like Black Needlerush and Seashore Saltgrass.

Saltmeadow Cordgrass is the smallest (typically around 2' - ' tall) of Maryland's three salt marsh sporobolus species. Saltmeadow Cordgrass is rhizomatous and usually grows in thick mats. Vegetation and Ecological Processes on Shackleford Bank, North Carolina NPS Scientific Monograph No.

Wind and water action can cause the stems of Saltmeadow Cordgrass to bend, creating the appearance of cowlicks. It grows in high, irregularly flooded areas of salt and brackish : Plant species studied included saltmeadow cordgrass, Olney\'s three-square, big cordgrass, reed, and sawgrass. Nutria had a pronounced effect, except for limited areas, only on big cordgrass.

It is concluded that nutria did not have a major effect on the marsh vegetation as a whole, and did not create extensive bare areas. They include intertidal flats and flooded salt marshes with plants like saltmeadow cordgrass, black needlerush, and smooth cordgrass.

South Carolina is divided into five geographical regions running roughly parallel to the coastline called Physiographic Provinces – the Coastal Plain, Sandhills, Fall Line, Piedmont and Blue Ridge Mountains.Saltmeadow cordgrass grows in salt marsh and dune habitats, helping to stabilize the shoreline.

Giant cordgrass, Spartina cynosuroides Living up to its name, Giant Cordgrass grows in brackish water and is important as wildlife habitat and food source.Saltmeadow cordgrass: Plants 1 to 4 feet tall. The hairless leaf blades are 4 to 20 inches long and 1/3 to 1½ inches wide at the base.

When fresh, leaf blades are generally inrolled and have ridges on the upper surface. Flowers occur in two to several spikes that are appressed to somewhat spreading forming dense turf or sod with fine matted.